The James Randi 1 Million Dollar Challenge Finally Terminated

The James Randi Million Dollar Challenge for proof of psychic phenomena has been terminated. The JREF page indicates that it is no longer accepting applications from the general public (celebrity psychics still welcome with TV crew). The foundation is going to be converted into a grant-making fund, however a review of the protocols will be done next year when the application process may be reinstated. Even if the James Randi Prize is permanently terminated,  I don’t need to be psychic to know that skeptics will continue to use it as a club to beat up believers for the foreseeable future.

From their site:

Over the years, we have spent a great deal of time dealing with claims ranging from yet another dowsing claim to some VERY eccentric and untestable claims. The overwhelming majority refused to fill out the application or even state a claim that can be tested. Some of them show up in person and demand to be tested while they wait. We can no longer justify the resources to interact with these people.

Effective immediately, JREF will no longer accept applications directly from people claiming to have a paranormal power. Previously available Application Forms shall not be used and will be rejected without any review of the contents. We anticipate providing minimum required protocols for the preliminary test early next year. No one should make any effort to pursue the Challenge until those minimum required protocols are issued. The only exception is that any established psychic may contact JREF via email to be tested directly (preferably with an independent, third party TV crew.)

I’ve heard it a million times on youtube videos, skeptical forums, TV shows, magazine articles..

“If [psychics, mediums, telepathy, ghosts, etc] are real, then why hasn’t anyone won the James Randi 1 million dollar prize?

James Randi, or The Amazing Randi (as he is known professionally) was a magician before he became a closed-minded zealous skeptic and avowed debunker of all things paranormal. He began his challenge in 1964 with a $1,000 dollar prize to anyone who could demonstrate proof of paranormal abilities.  By 1996, the James Randi Educational Foundation accepted a donation that raised the prize amount to 1 million dollars.  The JREF has stated that over 1,000 people have been tested since 1964. To date, no one has been awarded the money – a fact used by skeptics everywhere to debunk all evidence of the paranormal or psychic phenomena. As you’ll see, however, the Randi prize was never intended to be a fair, scientific measure of paranormal claims.  James Randi designed the ‘challenge’ to ensure victory in any circumstance through a variety of ways that we will explore in this post.

Honestly, I don’t know who decided that James Randi of all people should be judging claims of the paranormal; that’s like expecting a fair trial in North Korea.  He was quoted as saying “Concerning the challenge, I always have an ‘out’: I’m right!”

To be fair, James Randi is correct in his assumption that there are liars, frauds and charlatans out there claiming to be psychic and I share his rage that they are preying on vulnerable and grieving people.  No gets more angry than I do when I spot cold readers making millions distracting grieving people with big hair and 6-inch stilettos because they are ruining the reputation of all of the truly gifted people out there who don’t crave fame and attention.  It is quite another thing however to claim that because there are some psychic frauds, that all psychics are frauds.

There have been many people who have looked closely at this challenge and written excellent articles and critiques on it.  I don’t want to reinvent the wheel, so please read Michael Prescott’s excellent, in-depth supported article on his own investigation of the JREF challenge.  Also, read this one from the weilerpsiblog  which has both facts and real examples which show why the JREF challenge is a scam and a trap.   Here’s one more by Daily Grail called “The Myth of the One Million Dollar Challenge” which sums it up pretty nicely as well.

No self-respecting medium or psychic would ever submit themselves to such an egregiously slanted, fraudulent and corrupted display of mockery such as the JREF challenge, and yet skeptics continue to use this straw man argument as a way to flag-wave their own prejudices. 

Just in case you aren’t familiar with what the JREF 1 Million Dollar Challenge is really about, here’s a little summary:

The JREF 1 Million Dollar Challenge was offered to anyone who could prove via testing protocols set up in advance by the JREF claims of the paranormal.  Anyone who bothered to look closely at the rules by which the contestants were bound could see right away that they were designed to ensure that no one ever won the prize.

First, the James Randi Educational Foundation and the challenge committee themselves are the kind of biased, hard-nosed skeptics that have already made up their mind that evidence of the paranormal doesn’t exist and that’s not a good starting point when claiming that such a test is fair to begin with.  But beyond that, there’s a lot of other reasons why the JREF should have never been touted as “THE TEST” for psychic phenomena in the first place, based on the way the test is set up/designed for failure.

The JREF is not a scientific organization, and they never intended to do a real scientific test.   The JREF test doesn’t allow repeated trails that can’t be accomplished in the 8 hour time limit.  In addition, the JREF can arbitrarily reduce the number of repetitions allowed without any explanation.  Repetition is a cornerstone of any scientific test to determine the statistical results against chance.  Tests of this nature proved telepathy exists via experiments done by Dr. Rupert Sheldrake and were submitted in a real scientific journal.  It satisfied the requirements of the scientific method, but would have been refused by the ‘protocols’ of the James Randi Foundation.

Secondly, the application process is also designed to eliminate actual competition or make it impossible for people with real abilities to demonstrate them properly.  The foundation ignores or rejects most serious applicants, and yet allows the testing of the frauds and quacks just to make mockery out of them on their website.

Applicants also have to sign away their right to an attorney, and allow James Randi to use the data any way he wishes (this means he can outright change the results or lie about them) and the applicant has no recourse to prove the deception either in a court of law or the court of public opinion.

JREF controls everything – the protocols (which may be changed at any time, even during the test itself), the location, the test design, witnesses, participants, and finally even the results.  There are no independent controls to ensure honesty and fair play on the part of the JREF.

The sole purpose of the JREF Million Dollar Challenge was to mock and humiliate applicants.  There was never any intention to test applicants fairly, and anyone with half a chance to actually win was simply ignored or refused on a technicality.  The JREF designed an unscientific, closed contest with constantly changing rules, no oversight and absolutely no legal contracts or obligations except to give the JREF all of the power and rights. Do you think James Randi EVER intended to lose that million?  Not a chance!

Evidence of the paranormal does exist, despite James Randi and his bogus foundation.  PSI has been proven and published in real peer-reviewed journals.  See these posts on the Global Consciousness ProjectDr. Sheldrake’s Telepathy Experiments and Dr. Julie Beischel’s triple-blind test proving mediumship is accurate.

All of the above are real, scientific studies done using the scientific method and published in real scientific journals, and yet none would have been accepted by the James Randi Educational Foundation based on their protocols for “testing”.

The only thing James Randi accomplished was drawing attention away from real scientific research.

Skeptics, can you please stop using this joke of a ‘challenge’ to browbeat believers?

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154 thoughts on “The James Randi 1 Million Dollar Challenge Finally Terminated

  1. “So carry on with the fraud, and I hope the emotional fallout to the people around you is minimal. I’m not going to waste any more time on this particular discussion with you.”

    Yes, that’s typical. When argumentation fails, resort to personal offence and then bail out.

    Am not used to the forum yet, so have just re-read what I missed. Hence so many posts now. Please read the case on Chico Xavier, Brian. He forwarded so much evidence in so many cases and to so many people. In the case of the TV diretor I told you about, who had also lost a son by an accidental gunshot, what he presented concerning the fact that the gunshot was indeed accidental was even accepted in a court of law, such was the impact of what had been transmitted to him in the psychographed communication from his deceased father and son.

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    1. Charles, I am fascinated by Chico Xavier. I need to do more research on his life and work. Is it true that any money he makes is donated to charity? I just wanted to say, don’t worry about the negativity. There will always be skeptics that challenge our beliefs and that’s ok. You just keep positive. You are welcome here on my blog anytime!

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Hi, Jenn.

        He passed away in 2002. And yes, he lived off a minimal pension. All the proceeds from his books, which sold millions of copies here in Brazil, were donated to charities. His whole life was donated to charity.

        It is my pleasure to be here. 🙂

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  2. Dear Jenn, very interesting post. But I can’t decide if you are really a serious ‘believer’. And what that really is.
    Are you really serious about believing Chico Xavier after doing your research? If you still have an open mind check out the present day quackery of john of god of Brazil. A con clone of Xavier. And a charlatan promoted by the likes of Oprah and Wayne Dyer. And roundly revealed and criticized as a fake by Randi What is really serious are the deaths that occur by believing in this quackery and not listening to ‘negativity/criticism’.
    https://lakishajj.wordpress.com/2015/07/09/faith-healer-john-of-god-another-tragic-death/

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Ah, yet another one. No, John of God is also just as true as Chico Xavier was. Both follow or followed the same line, If you would take the time and the trouble to verify for yourself, rather than take for granted Mr Randi and followers’ argumentations, you would also know the truth. The only “phony” here, the only real “tricksters” and “frauds”, are you guys…

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    2. I agree 100% about the danger of frauds as well as the danger of wanting to believe in something so much that you lose any critical or skeptical edge. I am a believer in that I believe that some people have genuine talent. I’m also an open-minded skeptic because I know that the field is rife with frauds. No one hates frauds more than I do, I assure you. There was a terrible tragedy with the Abraham Hicks crowd because a severely depressed girl was told over and over again that ‘all her problems would be solved if she just believed and thought positively” and more nonsense like that. She killed herself. Why? Because she needed real psychiatric help and Esther Hicks routinely tells ill people that they can simply “think” their illnesses away. Its bullshit, and I hate it. I haven’t done my research about Chico Xavier yet, and although I’ve heard of this John of God fellow, I haven’t looked him up either. It might be an interesting post though. I will always be honest about behavior that I think is either fraudulent or exploitative. Thanks for your comment and for your link – I will take a look at it. 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Hi, Jenn.

        In the case of John of God, from what I have seen and heard he NEVER told anyone who seeked spiritual treatment to stop their medical treatment. Both have to go side by side. Yes, there have been several cases of seemingly “miraculous” cures. There are others in which not much can be done. apart from offering and giving some comfort. Many illnesses are psychossomatic. If one is able to cure whatever unbalance is causing it, be it rage, resentment, or anything similar, yes, there are better chances that this person’s health will improve. If you do research more deeply about John of God, you will find that he enforces this quite clearly.

        As for Chico Xavier, he never ventured into mediumnistic or spiritual cures, but dedicated almost his entire life to transmitting and bringing comfort to people who had lost a close loved one, in particular mothers and fathers who has lost their sons or daughters. In thousands of cases, in the psychographies (automatic writing), personal details such as facts, names and nicknames were given clearly, offering proof to the still incarnated close relatives of the fact that their deceased loved ones were and are still “alive”.

        I remember one case of a young lady who died in a fire in a building in São Paulo. Her mother suffered terribly imagining the pain and agony she must have gone through, In the psychographed letter to her, the young lady comforted her mother by telling her she had gone into a turpor because of the smoke, and that she had felt nothing except for the panic of finding herself trapped. She also said that she had left a message for her mother in a cardboard shoe box in her bedrrom. When her mother and brother arrived home, they looked for the cardboard box in her closet. They found it under some other things. In it there were several photographs of her, some letters, and, at the bottom of it all, there were 3 cards she had written. On them were the words: yes, no and goodbye.

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  3. Let me reinforce that. PERSONAL EXPERIENCE. I make no money out of anything I do in relation to this. I have a job. I am a teacher. I live off what I make from what I do as a profession. You wacks don’t know dogshit about what you are talking about, and yet act as if you are the owners of the TRUTH. You are not. You are most seriously and gravely mistaken. And you can tell Mr. Randi to shove his million dollar prize into where the sun don’t shine. No one who is serious about this issue will exchange ANY of the knowledge we hold for dirty money. Hope you guys have all got that…

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  4. Let me just point out another fact. I do not know, nor did I ever have the pleasure to meet, either one or the other. Unfortunately, I would say. I just follow and take part in the same line, or a very similar one, as Chico did and João de Deus does, and I do know, again from personal experience, of the reality which they and I deal with. Hope I have made myself perfectly clear.

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  5. Reading the posts of the psychic proponents really makes me cringe…. Despite the few sane people here (=sceptics) explaining to you where exactly you are wrong, you simply can’t see it. You don’t get how logic arguments work. I am astounded. I always believed that if you explain things step by step even the dumbest person would get it. God, was I wrong!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. How’s that again? Could you repeat those words slowly, to yourself, to see if you might get it ??? And you dare call yourself “sane” while all others are “insane”? How presumptuous.

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  6. Oh Charles, you’re trying to use a rational Conversation with someone who clearly wants conflict. The only armor of being open minded, sometimes, is silence. When someone clearly wants communication for the sake of conflict, we can only let them rant. (I enjoy all of your comments, btw. ) sometimes unhappy people just need to yell down the tunnel. Maybe doing so will make him think more and speak less.

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  7. From the post:
    “But beyond that, there’s a lot of other reasons why the JREF should have never been touted as “THE TEST” for psychic phenomena in the first place, based on the way the test is set up/designed for failure.

    The JREF is not a scientific organization, and they never intended to do a real scientific test …”

    Scientific tests ARE set up for failure. When scientists want to test an idea, they do everything they can think of to show that the idea is wrong. They deliberately make it hard. They do not seek to confirm the idea, they seek to destroy it. If, despite their best efforts, it survives, it may have something going for it.

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    1. Hi, Phil.

      I beg to disagree. Or perhaps it is just that we are using the wrong terminology and approach. The term, and the approach, should be changed from “scientific test” to “scientific investigation”. Indeed the JREF foundation never had any interest or intention of validating anything, but simply tearing apart and destroying, usually just by argumentation, anything and everything it could lay its hands on or which came its way. Here, in this blog, I was straight off accused by Brian, who is a skeptic, of using “hot” or “cold” reading techniques when in all honestly I have absolutely no idea how such techniques work. The approach at JREF was always biased from the start. There was never ever any true intention of serious investigation because the people there already had a set state of mind.

      In a scientific investigation, in a true scientific investigation, one should look for what evidence there is, what evidence is possible to find, and work from there, testing repeatedly and searching for confirmation of the thesis. This was never done there.

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    2. This is something I personally consider as evidence. Children who spontaneously remember a past life. Hypnotic regression as well. Memories from dreams. Yes, there are flaws, but there are some sure shots as well.

      http://www.carolbowman.com/past-life-forum/

      Another piece of evidence to be researched is mediumship. The Brazilian medium Chico Xavier has some exceptional cases. All true and with several witnesses. It is a pity that most of what there is about such cases on the internet is in Portuguese. I am bilingual. Could translate a few, if there were a purpose… Very sure James Van Praagh must have several similar cases as well. Not to mention the cases of Edgar Cayce. There is a lot of evidence about.

      The key to the equation is consciousness. We think, therefore we are. We exist. This is a tangible reality. A fact. Does eacjh individual consciousness survive and persist after physical death? From my own personal experience, I have no doubt that it does, but I could never convince a skeptic simply by telling what evidence and proof has come my way during my lifetime.

      The spiritual phenomenon is undoubtedly a dimensional one. The point is that we, human beings, are conditioned to associating a consciousness to a face. Nature itself, including the evolution of species, seems to indicate that there IS some form of greater consciousness behind it all. An intelligence. Has it ever dawned on you that nature seems to make a conscious choice for something as subjective as beauty? Just look at a flower, a tree, the moon shining upon the sea, a sunset… How can that be if not for the fact that there has to be some form of greater consciousness behind it?.Mere “chance”? I doubt it…

      So, how could this be proven? How can one prove the existence of something as intangible as consciousness if not when it expresses itself? How can one prove the existence of something that does not pertain to this our three-dimensional reality? Four-dimensional, if we consider time. How could this be done?

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      1. Dr. Ian Stevenson did some really remarkable scientific work into children’s past lives. All of his work was posted to scientific journals and is incredibly hard to dispute. I read one of his books written for a non-scientific public, it was so full of scientific evidence, it was actually a bit dry! Nevertheless, skeptics who really take the time to familiarize themselves with Dr. Stevenson’s work would be hard pressed to come up with an alternate explanation, or criticize his methodology.

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        1. Hi, Jenn.

          Yes, I am familiar with Dr Stevenson’s work. Memories of past lives by young children are probably the best piece of evidence there is, seeing as it eliminates the argumentation that under hypnotic regression the patient is influenced by the regressionist. Have you ever watched a film based on a true story called “My life in another life?” It is really quite beautiful:

          https://www.google.com.br/#q=my+life+in+another+life+movie

          Leaving religious beliefs aside, it seems we ALL undergo the process of birth, life, death and rebirth, and that It is in this way that our spiritual evolution takes place – the evolution in consciousness of all kumankind. All of us undergo this same process. Literally of us. No exceptions. We have ALL lived many lives and will live many more…. Consciousness does survive physical death, and the spiritual phenomenon is a dimensional one.

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  8. Charles – I just wanted to say that I’ve read through your comments and found your posts very insightful. Good on you for doing what you do, and thank you.

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  9. 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    Like

  10. 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̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀

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  11. Well James Randi it’s not your fault that you don’t believe in dowsing because there is a few people out there that say they can dows but they can not there is one thing that I can definitely say is 100% true and accurate 100% is that I can and I can prove that I can in front of television cameras or to anybody free of charge please get in touch with me and finally put the record straight instead of all allegations that it doesn’t work when I know full well it does.

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